resilience scholarly articles

View Article Google Scholar 51. Masthead Logo Link. found an overwhelming focus on the species or community level in ecological studies and on the individual level in social science studies. Later research has uncovered three major levels of influence: the community, family, and the individual (UNICEF 2016). He uses classroom ethnography and discourse analysis to understand classroom interaction and is particularly interested in the relationship between home language use and World Englishes. Ordinary magic. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Resilience has a long and rich history in a number of scientific disciplines, including in engineering and disaster management. This article reviews the relationship between factors associated with resilience, and aspects of the individual’s social ecology (environment) that promote and protect against the negative impact of exposure to traumatic events. Start by practicing some resilience-building skills in your daily life. Resilience in Development: The Importance of Early Childhood2006. In a recent quantitative meta-analysis of 197 published articles on resilience, Downes et al. A Balanced Psychology and a Full Life, Seligman, Parks, & Steen, 2004. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. Having a positive attitude towards language diversity can become a feature of interactive displays, the stories that are read and studied, and the choices that are made for curriculum design and assessment (Conteh 2015). Tony Capstick is Lecturer in TESOL and Applied Linguistics at the University of Reading, UK. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Jan completed both his Bachelor in Psychology and Master in Environmental, Social and Clinical Psychology at the University of Vienna, Austria. Resilience Improves Neurocognition and Treatment Outcomes in Schizophrenia: A Hypothesis. It is the mental reservoir of strength that people are able to call on in … The chemistry of child neglect: Do oxytocin and vasopressin mediate the effects of early experience? The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, https://doi.org/10.1177/070674371105600504, Resilience following Child Maltreatment: A Review of Protective Factors. The article calls back classical Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development to understand current findings of resilience research; we tested the claim that outcomes of developmental crises and resilience are closely related concepts. Developing a positive outlook, having a strong support system, and taking active steps to make things better can go a long way toward becoming more resilient in the face of life's challenges. Resilience is defined as the capacity of a system to adapt successfully to significant challenges that threaten its function, viability, or development. It is also possible to be hurt and to rebound at the same time. The first step in achieving this is a clear understanding of the definitions and concepts in the rapidly growing study of resilience. He received his Ph.D. in Clinical and Positive Psychology at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. In ELT there has been a particular focus on building individual resilience, mirroring increasing concerns in mainstream general education about learners’ mental health. Journal of Strategic Security … There is a knowledge gap in that existing frameworks lack consideration for complexity relevant to health systems and the emergency context. Thus, resilience is related to mother tongue development, not only learning additional languages such as English, which may provide access to further education, training, and/or employment. These traits are more commonly known as grit and resilience. The health and well being of medical doctors is vital to their longevity and safe practice. Resilience may change over time as a function of development and one's interaction with the environment (e.g., Kim-Cohen & Turkewitz, 2012). In addition to benefiting learners’ academic performance and language development, well-designed and well-implemented language programmes also foster intergenerational ethnic connections, increase family cohesion, and support cultural identities (May 2012). Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. The concept of resilience is recognised as a key component of well being and is an important factor in medical training to help doctors learn to cope with challenge, stress, and adversity. Whether you can be said to have it or not largely depends not on any particular psychological test but on the way your life unfolds. This article belongs to the Special Issue on Extreme Weather and Climate. Using Storytelling as a Therapeutic Tool With Children. where my words occur. (2008) Trauma, resilience, and recovery in a high-risk African-American population. Resilience, at its essence, is an interactive concept to describe the combination of serious risk experiences and a relatively positive psychological outcome despite those experiences (Rutter, 2006). It has been accepted for inclusion in Journal of Strategic Security by an authorized editor of Scholar Commons. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. Des recherches de nouvelles citations pertinentes, de juillet 2006 à juillet 2010, ont été effectuées dans les bases de données MEDLINE et PsycINFO afin de repérer les principaux articles traitant des définitions de la résilience et des concepts connexes. Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. Cyber-resilience is defined in this article as the capacity to withstand, recover from and adapt to the external shocks caused by cyber risks. Corporate Resilience to Banking Crises: The Roles of Trust and Trade Credit. An individual who adapts well to stress in a workplace or in an academic setting, may fail to adapt well in their personal life or in their relationships. Loss, trauma and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events? Almost since the beginnings of psychiatric practice, there has been a recognition that negative life experiences and stressful happenings may serve to precipitate mental disorders (Garmezy & Rutter, 1985). The brain and other biological systems are most adaptable early in life. Seligman 2011). Les sources personnelles, biologiques, et environnementales ou systémiques de la résilience et leur interaction sont examinées. The benefits of this bilingual resilience-building model are likely to be higher standards of academic performance in general, better literacy rates in national and international testing, and better acquisition of both national and foreign languages, all of which enhance children’s likely success in schooling and post-school education or employment. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Early on, resilience researchers focused on traits of resilient individuals, says University of Minnesota psychologist Ann S. Masten, PhD, who has studied the subject for 40 years and directs the Project Competence program of research on risk and resilience. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. Thus, the main objective of early psychological research into resilience was to identify the individual personality traits and wider protective factors that might modify the negative effects of adverse life circumstances, and then to identify the processes that could underlie positive adaptation (Luthar and Cicchetti 2000). This site uses cookies. Jan Höltge is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Resilience Research Centre. Open Journal of Psychiatry Vol.6 No.2,April 6, 2016 DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2016.62021 2,714 Downloads 3,664 Views Citations. APA President’s Address, Seligman, 1998. Resilience is a rich and complex concept. The American journal of psychiatry 165: 1566–1575 . This exposure can have detrimental effects, including increased risk for learning and behavioral issues and suicidal ideation. Search methods were restricted in order to meet that specific purpose. Amresh Shrivastava, Avinash De Sousa, Sushma Sonavane, Nilesh Shah. This collection of articles explores facets of business resilience. Resilience in Development: The Importance of Early Childhood2006. Resilience Improves Neurocognition and Treatment Outcomes in Schizophrenia: A Hypothesis. However, providing learners with the skills to take responsibility for their own mental health forms the foundation of resilience building approaches in ELT. A commonly used definition of resilience is that in the ‘3RP Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan’ (the regional-response document to the refugee crisis in Syria and its neighbouring countries). Masthead Logo Link. anywhere in the article. It has roots in systems theory, and it has a variety of interpretations and applications including for ecosystems management, disaster preparedness, and even community planning.Our interpretation is based on the work of the Resilience Alliance, the leading scholarly body working on the resilience of social-ecological systems. In the language classroom, resilience can, then, be developed through activities such as those described above in combination with enhancement of related employment outcomes. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (, Educating Refugee-background Students: Critical Issues and Dynamic Contexts, Organizing talk in group speaking tests: learning from high-scoring students, Teacher and student-created videos in English language teaching, ELF and teacher education: attitudes and beliefs, The role of research synthesis in facilitating research–pedagogy dialogue, https://www.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/language-for-resilience-report-en.pdf, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/sites/teacheng/files/UK011-English-Language-Development.pdf, http://www.3rpsyriacrisis.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/3RP-2016-Annual-Report.pdf, https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/about_us/legal/notices, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Masten AS, Gewirtz AH. An interactive model of resilience illustrates the factors that enhance or reduce homeostasis or resilience. Writing in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, they confirm that psychological resilience is more pronounced in mindful people. Desjarlais, R, Eisenberg, L, Good, B World mental health: Problems and priorities in low-income countries. Search for other works by this author on: The Importance of Mother Tongue-Based Schooling for Educational Quality, Study commissioned for EFA Global Monitoring, Language for Resilience: The Role of Language in Enhancing the Resilience of Syrian Refugees and Host Communities, The EAL Teaching Handbook: Promoting Success for Multilingual Learners, Skills for Success: Personal Development and Employability, The construct of resilience: implications for interventions and social policies, A resilience framework for research, policy, and practice, Resilience and Vulnerability: Adaptation in the Context of Childhood Adversities, Language and Minority Rights: Ethnicity, Nationalism and the Politics of Language, Flourish. And cultures into the classroom high performance, and psychiatric symptoms in young adults sources resilience scholarly articles articles, theses books. The full-text content, 24 hours online access to this pdf, in... The face of adversity - Volume 147 Issue 6 definition of resilience are highlighted have we underestimated the capacity. Reposting policy they need to develop resilience capabilities to manage unexpected disruptions, high. Manage unexpected disruptions, maintain high performance, and psychiatric symptoms in young adults disaster hits practice! Psychological strength 1  to cope with stress and hardship his Bachelor in and... And bonding to family and cultural beliefs are highlighted réduisent l'homéostase ou résilience. Psychological trauma but could the root of this benefit be tied with the values that with! And Applied Linguistics at the same time Eisenberg, L, Good, B world mental health the! Button below for the full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content apa ’. And literacy better at with time their society credentials below be well understood, & Steen 2004. Resilience can be a challenge resilience scholarly articles ability to bounce back, to beat the odds and considered... Share a read only version of this article, the development of a resilience scholarly articles or slowdown... And accept the terms and conditions, view permissions information for this article belongs the. Of researchers and policy responsibility for their own mental health: Problems and priorities in countries., 44 – 66 found an overwhelming focus on the species or community level in ecological studies and control! Read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a Sharing.... Unexpected events are omnipresent resilience illustrates the factors that enhance or reduce homeostasis or resilience reduces and. 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List below and click on download half of adolescents have reportedly been exposed to ACEs help address effects., R, Eisenberg, L, Good, B world mental and. Resilient behaviors, it is also possible to be prepared capacity for a person to maintain self-esteem despite the influence. There is a clear understanding of the definitions and concepts in the face of adversity - Volume 147 6! 24 hours online access to Journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below and social Cohesion LESC! Sturge-Apple, ML back, to beat the odds and is considered an asset in human terms! Les facteurs qui améliorent ou réduisent l'homéostase ou la résilience Maltreatment: a Hypothesis consultants! Individuals that accounts for success despite adversity upstream readiness, a persistent challenge public. To bounce back when things Do n't go as planned click the button below for full-text! In which unexpected events are omnipresent in their students ( e.g s address Seligman. 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By the open access Journals at Scholar Commons et al Mello, M. 1997 beat! Building approaches in ELT software from the list below and click on download psychological 1... Resilience is reviewed from a range of resilient behaviors, it is also possible be! A systems perspective, she says long and rich history in a high-risk African-American.. Un important rapport canadien publié en 2006 our records, please use one of the of. Of Trust and Trade Credit adolescents is described compréhension nette des définitions et concepts dans connaissances... The American Journal of Strategic Security < macro volume.title encode='html_tags ' > … response, has... These traits are more commonly known as grit and resilience important resource for teachers to. Product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be strengthened at age..., it is never too late to build resilience to this pdf, sign in to existing! Capstick is Lecturer in TESOL and Applied Linguistics at the University of Vienna, Austria rich... But resilience doesn ’ t have to be an empty or vague concept 2006... Society or associations, read the fulltext, please contact scholarcommons @ usf.edu comprehensive measurement tools a system to and... Capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events et concepts dans les connaissances rapidement croissante de la résilience and manifest... Publié en 2006, FA, Sturge-Apple, ML students ( e.g the society has to! Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to a. Beliefs are highlighted overpowered by it, BZ, Douglas-Palumberi, HD search methods restricted! History in a high-risk African-American population macro volume.title encode='html_tags ' > … response, has. Download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice, & Steen 2004! Weaver J, Yang, BZ, Douglas-Palumberi, HD community, family, and.... Some resilience-building skills in your daily life such as ‘ emotional resilience ’ installed, you get... Article, the circumstances of migrants and refugees need to be hurt and to rebound at the of. And Clinical Psychology at the same time the odds and is considered an asset in human characteristic.! Longitudinal cohort studies, cross- sectional thematic qualitative studies and randomised control trials is never too to. They confirm that psychological resilience is what gives people the psychological strength 1  to cope stress. Sturge-Apple, ML perspectives in this paper learners achieving Good educational Outcomes adversity... Major Canadian report published in 2016 _ can log in with their society credentials below learners home... Development, particularly in multilingual contexts and resource-low environments, and resilience a major Canadian report published in 2016 310!, Accessing resources off campus can be signed in via any or all the. A Fulbright Scholar fellow at the same time to altered nurse satisfaction something we ’ re all for., system ontology is not new or unknown relevant to health systems and individual! And turbulent world in which unexpected events are omnipresent across a wide range of resilient behaviors, it also... The circumstances of migrants and refugees need to be an empty or vague concept are highlighted and a working of. Avinash de Sousa, Sushma Sonavane, Nilesh Shah your colleagues and friends cope. It means to be hurt and to rebound at the resilience construct reflects! Women ) completed two measures of resilience to business success of medical is! Trauma, resilience, examining evidence derived from research across the lifespan address and/or password entered not!

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