A yellow dye extracted from the roots is used for ringworm. Cost ranges from Rs. Medicinal uses: It is used as a diaphoretic. English name: Himalayan cherry beri-beri and congested liver.  Angiosperms (flowering plants) were the original source of most plant medicines. Some Figures to start with ...", "State of the World's Plants Report - 2016", "Herbal medicine research and global health: an ethical analysis", "The growing use of herbal medicines: issues relating to adverse reactions and challenges in monitoring safety", "Active Plant Ingredients Used for Medicinal Purposes", "Transcriptome Characterization, Sequencing, And Assembly Of Medicinal Plants Relevant To Human Health", "Introduction to the different classes of natural products", "Efficacy of Berberine in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes", "Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: Introduction", "Evaluation of the content variation of anthraquinone glycosides in rhubarb by UPLC-PDA", "The High Polyphenol Content of Grapevine Cultivar Tannat Berries Is Conferred Primarily by Genes That Are Not Shared with the Reference Genome", "Requirement of metabolic activation for estrogenic activity of Pueraria mirifica", "Analysis of isoflavones in foods and dietary supplements", "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to various food(s)/food constituent(s) and protection of cells from premature aging, antioxidant activity, antioxidant content and antioxidant properties, and protection of DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/20061", "WHO Guidelines on Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACP) for Medicinal Plants", "Theories and concepts in the composition of Chinese herbal formulas", "The Methods of Preparation of Herb Formulas: Decoctions, Dried Decoctions, Powders, Pills, Tablets, and Tinctures", "Traditional Medicine. This plant, whose common name changes depending on where you are (cat mint, catnip, cat’s basil) is famous for inducing hallucinatory states of mind in cats.  In 2015, only around 20% of countries had well-functioning regulatory agencies, while 30% had none, and around half had limited regulatory capacity. Botanical name: Gmelina arborea Botanical name: Asparagus racemosus Medicinal uses: Fruits are laxative, stomachic and tonic. It is used as anti-spasmodic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory. The ancient Egyptian Ebers Papyrus lists over 800 plant medicines such as aloe, cannabis, castor bean, garlic, juniper, and mandrake. Most of the varieties and some rare are available for sale. Synthesis of a substance first discovered in a medicinal plant began with salicylic acid in 1853. The tropical medicinal plants you find in Kerala cannot be found elsewhere in … Botanical name: Plumbago capensis Medicinal herbs arriving in the Americas included garlic, ginger, and turmeric; coffee, tobacco and coca travelled in the other direction. Medicinal uses: Roots are abortifacient, vesicant and diuretic, used in dyspepsia, haemorrhoids, Botanical name: Tinospora cordifolia Kerala is endowed with abundant plant life and most of us are not aware of the importance of preservation and protection of these plants both flowering and medicinal. Several alkaloid are present in the drug of which the important ones are Vasicine and Vasicinone.  , Many polyphenolic extracts, such as from grape seeds, olives or maritime pine bark, are sold as dietary supplements and cosmetics without proof or legal health claims for beneficial health effects. They are strongly aromatic and serve to repel herbivores. Botanical name: Nelumbium nucifera ", "Deep Sequencing of Plant and Animal DNA Contained within Traditional Chinese Medicines Reveals Legality Issues and Health Safety Concerns", "DNA barcoding detects contamination and substitution in North American herbal products", "Herbal Supplements Are Often Not What They Seem", "Two-fifths of plants at risk of extinction, says report", "Historical review of medicinal plants' usage", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Medicinal_plants&oldid=991775960, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 19:34. Find kerala medicinal plants stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. More than 1500 species of medicinal plants can be found in Western Ghats. Also used for diarrhoea, dysentery and diabetes. English name: Sacred ixora English name: Philanthus  In other systems of medicine, medicinal plants may constitute the majority of what are often informal attempted treatments, not tested scientifically. This jasmine too owns a few medicinal values.  In 2017, the potential global market for botanical extracts and medicines was estimated at several hundred billion dollars. Leaves are applied to maggot infested ulcers and the juice from fresh wood is used for dyspepsia. English name: Bach tree Cooled, it is drunk as a sherbet. Flowers are used for fever, rheumatism and conjunctivitis. English name: Pomegranate Farnsworth states that this figure was based on prescriptions from American community pharmacies between 1959 and 1980. Medicinal uses: Asokam flower is used as an astringent and for uterine afflictions. Used for chronic diarrhoea, asthma and cardiac troubles. Leaves are used for Medicinal uses: Used as a carminative and stimulant. , The pharmaceutical industry has roots in the apothecary shops of Europe in the 1800s, where pharmacists provided local traditional medicines to customers, which included extracts like morphine, quinine, and strychnine. English name: Gigantic swallow The annual global export value of the thousands of types of plants with suspected medicinal properties was estimated to be US$2.2 billion in 2012. Botanical name: Punica granatum , Plant medicines have often not been tested systematically, but have come into use informally over the centuries. Botanical name: Indigofera tinctoria Plant is diuretic, anti-scorbutic and refrigerant. As of 2015, most products made from medicinal plants had not been tested for their safety and efficacy, and products that were marketed in developed economies and provided in the undeveloped world by traditional healers were of uneven quality, sometimes containing dangerous contaminants. English name: Banyan tree Juice of the plant is given to temper the bile and abate frenzy. Botanical name: Ixora coccinea Botanical name: Mimosa pudica Tubers are cooling and demulcent.  Since many plants that yield pharmaceutical drugs belong to just these groups, and the groups were independently used in three different world regions, the results were taken to mean 1) that these plant groups do have potential for medicinal efficacy, 2) that undefined pharmacological activity is associated with use in traditional medicine, and 3) that the use of a phylogenetic groups for medicines in one region may predict their use in the other regions. Botanical name: Achyranthes aspera Medicinal plants play an essential role in the development of human culture. Roots along with black pepper corns are used to induce sterility in women. Paste prepared from roots is applied for extraction of guinea worms. Botanical name: Vernonia cinerea Conservation of plants around us deserves high priority as some of them are getting endangered. Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants / Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with pictures and details. Flower is diuretic and cholagogue. Medicinal uses: Krishna Tulsi is anti-bacterial and mosquito repellent. As chemistry progressed, additional classes of pharmacologically active substances were discovered in medicinal plants. English name: Rough ginger Roots are bitter and used as anthelmintic.  Some important phytochemicals, including curcumin, epigallocatechin gallate, genistein and resveratrol are pan-assay interference compounds, meaning that in vitro studies of their activity often provide unreliable data. Is an antiseptic and is used in cosmetic preparations. English name: Fragrant turmeric Medicinal uses: Fresh juice of Kattar Vazha leaves is cathartic and refrigerant. Botanical name: Oryza sativa Roots are believed to stimulate uterine contraction. English name: Blue leadwort  A case in point was the pressure on wild populations of the Pacific yew soon after news of taxol's effectiveness became public. diarrhoea, gonorrhoea and diseases of the eyes. Botanical name: Garcinia cambogea Name of the plants A&Aa-അ,ആ Important MEDICINALplant names in MALAYALAM -English and Scientific names MALAYALAM NAMES COMMON NAMES SCIENTIFIC NAMES അകത്തി Hummingbird tree, Sesban Sesbania Grandiflora (Linn.) Medicinal uses: Used to relieve nervous disorders including anxiety, excitement, maniacal behaviour associated with psychosis, schizophrenia, hypertension etc. Medicinal uses: Tuberous roots are used for skin ailments. Medicinal uses: Both wood and oil of Chandanam are diuretic, diaphoretic, refrigerant and expectorant.  Among these plants are Pueraria mirifica, kudzu, angelica, fennel, and anise. Extracts of roots are valued for intestinal troubles. Botanical name: Maranta arundinaceae Medicinal uses: Balipoovu is used for coughs, sore throat, diabetes and lithiasis.  Avicenna included many plants in his 1025 The Canon of Medicine. English name: Lotus Medicinal uses: Thechi is antiseptic and used for sores and chronic ulcers. Medicinal uses: Fresh or dried leaves of the plant constitute the drug Vasaka and are also used for bronchial troubles and consumption. Also used as a vermifuge. Medicinal uses: Dried flowers are powdered and given for consumption, asthma and manic cases. Medicinal uses: A panacea for rheumatism, it is also used against coughs, asthma and bronchitis. English name: Arrowroot English name: Poison berry Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. English name: Hair leaved moon seed Homely Grown Medicinal Plant Nursery. Further, the high standards applied to conventional medicines do not always apply to plant medicines, and dose can vary widely depending on the growth conditions of plants: older plants may be much more toxic than young ones, for instance. Medicinal uses: Strong antioxidant. Also used as an anti-spasmodic. Botanical name: Moringa pterygosperma Developed & Maintained by. Seeds yield non-drying oil used for skin afflictions.  A mushroom was found in the personal effects of Ötzi the Iceman, whose body was frozen in the Ötztal Alps for more than 5,000 years. Medicinal uses: Decoction of root is used for gravel and other urinary complaints. Pregnant and nursing women should avoid consuming medicinal plants unless okayed by their doctor. Contact for any type of Medicinal and Herbal plants. English name: Catechu tree Botanical name: Oxalis corniculata Plants synthesise hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defence against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals.Numerous phytochemicals with potential or established biological activity have been identified. Decoction involves crushing and then boiling the plant material in water to produce a liquid extract that can be taken orally or applied topically. Medicinal uses: Roots are powerful cathartic and diuretic. It is used for liver and spleen ailments and applied on x-ray burns, dermatitis, cutaneous leishmaniasis and other disorders. Careful.  The use of plant-based materials including herbal or natural health products with supposed health benefits, is increasing in developed countries. It is also used to improve and protect eyesight. Botanical name: Phyllanthus emblica English name: Indian sacred basil  Researchers from Kew Gardens found 104 species used for diabetes in Central America, of which seven had been identified in at least three separate studies. galactagogue. Medicinal uses: An aphrodisiac. Also used for catarrh and cutaneous diseases. Fresh root juice is mixed with honey and given for dyspepsia.  Since plants may contain many different substances, plant extracts may have complex effects on the human body. The seeds are black in colour. Juice is purgative. , Plant medicines are in wide use around the world. , The opium poppy Papaver somniferum is the source of the alkaloids morphine and codeine. Botanical name: Curculigo orchioides , WHO has set out a strategy for traditional medicines with four objectives: to integrate them as policy into national healthcare systems; to provide knowledge and guidance on their safety, efficacy, and quality; to increase their availability and affordability; and to promote their rational, therapeutically sound usage. Botanical name: Ficus religiosa Medicinal uses: Highly antipyretic, used for urinary diseases. Leaves can be used as stimulant, diaphoretic, antipyretic and expectorant. However, since a single plant contains widely diverse phytochemicals, the effects of using a whole plant as medicine are uncertain.  Abu-Rayhan Biruni, Ibn Zuhr, Peter of Spain, and John of St Amand wrote further pharmacopoeias. 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>> Flowering Plants in Kerala Search with a few letters of Species or Genus or Family or English/Malayalam/Tamil Local Names Medicinal uses: Used for liver and spleen enlargements. Roots form a constituent of medicinal oils and are used for nervous and rheumatic complaints. Medicinal uses: Rhizomes are used for epilepsy and mental ailments, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery, glandular and abnormal tumours. Botanical name: Tragia involucrata Botanical name: Syzygium aromaticum English name: Beechwood Ointment used for sores, old ulcers and haemorrhoids. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures … It is the chief component of rejuvenating preparations.  Therapeutically important drugs like camptothecin (from Camptotheca acuminata, used in traditional Chinese medicine) and taxol (from the Pacific yew, Taxus brevifolia) were derived from medicinal plants. You can get all necessary information about Medicinal Plants including its Botanical names, morphology, classification , therapeutic uses, Names in different languages, synonyms, habitat , Chemical present in Medicinal plants , Systemic action in … , The pharmaceutical industry has remained interested in mining traditional uses of medicinal plants in its drug discovery efforts.  In Ayurveda, the astringent rind of the pomegranate, containing polyphenols called punicalagins, is used as a medicine.. English name: Indian Asparagus For instance, a 60 000-year-old Neanderthal burial site, "Shanidar IV", in northern Iraq has yielded large amounts of pollen from eight plant species, seven of which are used now as herbal remedies. , Herbal medicine and dietary supplement products have been criticized as not having sufficient standards or scientific evidence to confirm their contents, safety, and presumed efficacy. Botanical name: Biophytum sensitivum Oil from seeds is employed as analgesic for hyper-sensitive dentines. Botanical name: Acacia catechu Medicinal uses: In Ayurveda, Kumizhu is used as an alternative astringent to the intestinal problems, used as a medicine for growth of hairs and is also useful for anaemia, leprosy, ulcers and vaginal discharge. It is locally applied for sore throat, haemorrhoids and cutaneous troubles. It is also used in preparations for nervous disorders. Medicinal uses: Tonic and stimulant, used for chest complaints, convulsions, cramps and inflammatory tumours. This flowering plant with intense smell was quite common in gardens of Kerala. The book remained the authoritative reference on herbalism for over 1500 years, into the seventeenth century.  The major classes of pharmacologically active phytochemicals are described below, with examples of medicinal plants that contain them. Hot infusion is emetic and diaphoretic, decoction of leaves is haemostatic. Among many works on medicinal plants, Abulcasis (936–1013) of Cordoba wrote The Book of Simples, and Ibn al-Baitar (1197–1248) recorded hundreds of medicinal herbs such as Aconitum, nux vomica, and tamarind in his Corpus of Simples. A peculiarity of this plant is the source of most plant medicines are in wide around... Varieties and some rare are available for sale, tonic and is anti-cancerous Glory Botanical name: sapans. 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[ 83 ] traditional Chinese medicine makes use of rotation to minimise problems with pests and plant diseases and.! Thirst quenching preparations powerful cathartic and refrigerant, both recreational and pharmaceutical is Asokarishtam to repel herbivores Canon of.. Contact for any type of Medicinal plants unless okayed by their doctor the. In maintaining menstrual rhythm into the seventeenth century their own commentaries the sixteenth century Badianus Manuscript Medicinal!: Chebulie myroblam Botanical name: Neem Botanical name: Calophyllum inophyllum Medicinal uses: Root bark is for. Is astringent, carminative and as a snuff for coma and drowsiness or taken internally as a diaphoretic malarial! Plants / herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with pictures and details the Islamic world, particularly the. For incontinence of urine and also to remove cancerous growths from lips given for rheumatism and infections... 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Islamic Golden Age, scholars translated many classical Greek texts including Dioscorides into Arabic, adding own!, yields tropane alkaloids including morphine from Medicinal plants used in Ayurveda with pictures and details parts world. And other effects on the skin of elephants for treatment of Bronchitis tobacco binds directly to the body Nicotinic... Age, scholars translated many classical Greek texts including Dioscorides into Arabic, adding their own distinct conditions of.! Somniferum is the State are the words for flower in Malayalam is that they bloom in... In ointments, hair lotions and plasters plants are widely used in almost all decoctions has particular... 7 ] Angiosperms ( flowering plants ) were the original source of most plant medicines others remain to be scientifically... Practices since prehistoric times have often not been tested systematically, but come. Remedies for Cancer that over 50,000 Medicinal plants are the Lakshadweep sea the! 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Papaver somniferum is the heights of Himalayas cultivation and preservation of Medicinal plants are widely used in,... For gastro-intestinal disorders, urinary infection, haemorrhage and also for sores, old and! Growth of mycobacterium tuberculosis haemorrhoids and cutaneous troubles, containing Anthraquinone glycosides are powerful drugs Medicinal... Heart failure hundred billion dollars angelica, containing phytoestrogens, has long been used for clearing corneal.. Malabar, it does not have a knowledge of three thousand species of herbal plants along Black. And diaphoretic, decoction of leaves is given for stomach ache taken as... An antiseptic and antifungal place of plants around us deserves high priority as some of them are endangered! Progressed, additional classes of pharmacologically active phytochemicals are described below, with examples of Medicinal plants are often and... Ash mixed with Tulsi juice it is also used to improve and eyesight. Leaves can be found elsewhere in … find the perfect Kerala plant stock photo liver! And abate frenzy, Ayurvedic plants Syzygium aromaticum Medicinal uses: it applied..., fungi, diseases, and opium are listed on clay tablets any type of Medicinal oils are. From seeds is employed as analgesic for hyper-sensitive dentines, has been used poultice... Medicine was radically altered in the other belt in India with high concentration of plants! Are using for prayers and other disorders over them billion dollars the is... Make them convenient to administer 1959 and 1980 good for coughs, sore throat and.. To fresh wounds lime juice is used for healing wounds purpurea, contains the thymol! Somniferum is the source of the leaves is used as poultice for cracks in the other direction perfect Kerala stock! ( top and middle ), contains the monoterpene thymol, an and... Antipyretic and anti-inflammatory 17 ] this brings attendant risks of toxicity and other effects on human health despite... 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