electric ray species

Estimated at 50 volts in some rays, the charge is enough to make an adult human collapse. The torpedo is named after it. The animal was ultimately returned to its previous genus and is currently known as Torpedo californica. Slow-moving bottom dwellers, electric rays feed on fishes and invertebrates. JSON; GBIF; Encyclopaedia of Life ; Biodiversity Heritage Library; PESI [counting] records This map contains both point- and grid-based occurrences at different resolutions. The presence of electric organs require a good conducting medium; it is thus not surprising to find such adaptations only among aqueous organisms. They can produce an electric discharge, ranging from as little as 8 volts up to 220 volts depending on species. From Ocean Leadership. Caribbean electric rays, like all electric rays, have the ability to produce an electrical charge to deter predators or stun prey! The electric eel has three pairs of electric organs; they constitute most of the mass of the body and about four-fifths of the total length…. Southern Stingray. The main nerves branch repeatedly, then attach to the lower side of each plate in the batteries, which are composed of hexagonal columns, in honeycomb formation: each column consists of 140 to half a million gelatinous plates. Electric signals are produced by several other species of … A pair of kidney-shaped electric organs are at the base of the pectoral fins. Estimated at 50 volts in some rays, the charge is enough to make an adult human collapse. It's electrical attraction is so immense that a never ending storm is contantly above it. Pacific Electric Ray, Tetronarce californica The Pacific Electric Ray, Tetronarce californica, whose common Spanish name is torpedo del Pacifico, is a species in the Torpedo Electric Ray or Torpedinidae Family, known collectively as torpedos in Mexico.This fish has historically been known as Torpedo californica but was recently reclassified into the new genus Tetronarce. This shock can vary between 8 volts and 220 volts, depending on the species. [2] There are 69 species in four families. Torpediniformes includes groups like Narkidae, Pyörösähkörauskut, and Platyrhinidae. Depending on the species, these fish can discharge currents anywhere between 8 and 220 volts! Many species of rays and skates outside the family have electric organs in the tail; however, the electric ray has two large electric organs on each side of its head, where current passes from the lower to the upper surface of the body. They are found in waters around the world, and have been around since ancient times. Fast Facts Description No data Size Atlantic torpedo ray may be up to 1.82 m (6 ft) in length Female: In general, female rays are larger than males. Round disc with a thick tail and well developed dorsal fins and caudal fin. Marbled Electric Ray. Feeds on: Small fish and occasional crustaceans. The electric rays appear to fall into two suborders, the first composed of the torpedo rays (Torpedinidae) and the Short-tailed Electric Ray (Hypnidae — represented by a single species, Hypnos subnigrum, endemic to Australia), the other composed of the electric rays (Narcinidae) and the shortnose electric … This species is uniquely characterized by females reaching maturity at just two years old which is unusually young for any shark or ray species! The electric ray (Torpedo species) has many shorter columns with 1,000 electrocytes per column, since the ray prioritizes increasing the current over voltage. Corrections? 2. The largest species of electric ray, called the Atlantic torpedo ray, can reach over 6 ft (1.8 m) long while the smallest electric ray only grows to around a foot (.3 m). [9], This article is about the fish. They feed on invertebrates and small fish. Electric rays (order Torpediniformes) are fish that have rounded bodes and a pair of organs capable of producing an electric discharge. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This means that embryos develop inside eggs and remain inside their mother’s body until they are ready for live birth. Other common names include arraia, arraia-eléctrica, emplasto, raia treme treme, raia-eléctrica, raia-emplasto, treme-treme, tremelga (Portuguese), brasiliansk elrokke (Danish), kleine stroomrog (Dutch), kumoma-shibire-ei (Japanese), liten darrocka (Swedi… The electric rays are a group of rays, flattened cartilaginous fish with enlarged pectoral fins. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Electric rays, or New Zealand torpedoes, stun their prey with an electric shock. It has a wide distribution, being found in warm and temperate waters off the coasts of North and South America, around Africa and throughout the Mediterranean. While there are around twenty ray species which are capable of giving an electric shock Torpedo nobiliana is the largest and the most powerful. Ray Species; Electric Rays: Lesser Electric Ray; Electric Rays: Lesser Electric Ray. The genus name, Torpedo, is derived from the Latin word ‘torpinus’ meaning numbness referring to the effect of the electric organ on other animals. Despite being cartilaginous, Rays have incredibly strong jaws. The electric rays are a group of rays, flattened cartilaginous fish with enlarged pectoral fins, composing the order Torpediniformes. The super cool thing about these bioelectrogenetic animals that they can control the intensity of their electric shocks. They are nocturnal, lying buried in the sand during the day. The marbled electric ray was originally described as Torpedo marmorata by Risso in 1810. Meet the electric ray This fascinating rays prefers shallow waters from 10 to 30 m, although rarely found deeper than 200 m. It inhabits buddy bottom, seagrass beds, rocky reefs and sandy flats. About 20 species are known to inhabit warm seas, with some reaching a weight of 200 pounds (90 kg). Disc white ventrally. AskNature Team. The marbled electric ray, also known as the marbled torpedo ray, is one of many ray species that will literally leave prey in shock. They can crush hard-shelled prey with a single bite! They are a dimorphic species with females being larger than males and reach a maximum length of 1.07 m (3 feet 6 inches) compared to the … We, NMFS, announce a 12-month finding and listing determination on a petition to list the Caribbean electric ray (Narcine bancroftii) as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (). Biologists have identified at least 52 species of electric ray around the world, classified in four different … Almost all Rays have flat stomachs, which allows them to dig into the sandy ocean bottom and hide from would-be predators. The Caribbean electric ray is a coastal species found in the western Atlantic and Caribbean coasts. The ray can reach a total length of 140 cm and a weight of 41 kg. It generally inhabits sandy flats, rocky reefs, and kelp forests from the surface to a depth of 200 m (660 ft), but has also been known to make forays into the open ocean. Omissions? The mouth, nostrils, and five pairs of gill slits are underneath the disc. 4 Electric Ray. Although usu… electric ray Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Chondrichthyes Order Torpediniformes Family Torpedinidae Genus Species Multiple. Electric rays range in length from under 30 cm (1 foot) to about 2 m (6 feet). When the Electric Ray moves, the storm follows at unnatural speed. and Heemstra, Phillip C. (May 2007) ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Electrolux addisoni, a new genus and species of electric ray from the east coast of South Africa (Rajiformes: Torpedinoidei: Narkidae), with a review of torpedinoid taxonomy, Myliobatiformes (stingrays and relatives), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Electric_ray&oldid=988803252, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 09:55. Synonyms referring to this species in past scientific literature include Torpedo immaculata Rafinesque 1810, Torpedo punctata Rafinesque 1810, Torpedo galvani Risso 1810, Torpedo vulgaris Fleming 1828, Torpedo diversicolor Davy 1834,Torpedo picta Lowe 1843, and Torped… Electric Rays got their name for their ability to generate and discharge electric current. One of the most common species of rays in our area which is also the cause of most human injuries is the Atlantic stingray. This species is uniquely characterized by females reaching maturity at just two years old which is unusually young for any shark or ray species! In ancient Greece and Rome, the shocks of the species Torpedo nobiliana were used as a treatment for gout, headache, and other maladies. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. The electric currents produced by some species of fishes, such as the Numbfish and torpedo rays are generated in cells called electrocytes. The electric ray may be the most electrosensitive of all animals. Improved conduction and distribution of electricity. Scientific name: Torpedo marmorata; Size: Up to 4ft in length and 15lbs. The Caribbean electric ray is a coastal species found in the western Atlantic and Caribbean coasts. Their eyes are on the top of their heads, resulting in poor vision[citation needed] that must be compensated for the use of other senses, including detecting electricity. These rays are part of the Torpedinidae family, commonly called torpedoes — which is where we got the name for the weapon — that includes 22 species around the world. Measuring up to 1.4 m (4.6 ft) long, this species has smooth-rimmed spiracles (paired respiratoryopenings behind the eyes) and a dark … They are found worldwide in warm and temperate waters. The electric currents produced by some species of fishes, such as the Numbfish and torpedo rays are generated in cells called electrocytes. There are about 69 species of these rays. The rays are found in kelp forests and on sandy bottoms, sometimes partially buried in the sand. This group has been around since the Eocene Epoch. The most distinguishing feature of these fish is their ability to produce electric discharges that are used to stun their prey or as a mechanism of defense. When an electrocyte is stimulated, a movement of ions (electrically charged atoms) across the cell membrane results in an electric discharge. One of the newly discovered species is this electric ray, known by the Latin name Tetronarce cowleyi. Updates? It's electrical attraction is so immense that a never ending storm is contantly above it. The Caribbean Electric Ray (Narcine bancroftii) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "fishes" and found in the following area(s): Brazil, Florida, French Guiana, Guyana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Suriname, Venezuela. The rays are capable of producing electric discharges ranging from 8 to 220 volts. Many species of rays and skates outside the family have electric organs in the tail; however, the electric ray has two large electric organs on each side of its head, where current passes from the lower to the upper surface of the body. Reproduction is dioecious. Rays are ovoviviparous. Weight Atlantic torpedo ray may reach 90 kg (200 lbs.) There is another species of electric ray in UK waters – the marbled electric ray. No spine on tail. The electric rays are a group of rays, flattened cartilaginous fish with enlarged pectoral fins.They are the order Torpediniformes.. 6. The Electric Ray has diamond shaped wings. The species was first described as Torpedo californica by Ayres in 1855, but was later placed in the genus Tetronarce by Gill in 1861. A species similar in appearance to the marbled electric ray is the Atlantic torpedo (T. nobiliana), however the two species are easy to distinguish from each other by their coloration. Typically reach around 35 cm, but might grow over 61 cm in length. My spear would have been a fine conductor if the fish and I had connected.” Clark nearly zapped herself with an electric ray. Summary 2 The marbled electric ray (Torpedo marmorata) is a species of electric ray in the family Torpedinidae found in the coastal waters of the eastern Atlantic Ocean from the North Sea to South Africa.This benthic fish inhabits rocky reefs, seagrass beds, and sandy and muddy flats in shallow to moderately deep waters. When the Electric Ray moves, the storm follows at unnatural speed. The electric ray (Torpedo species) has many shorter columns with 1,000 electrocytes per column, since the ray prioritizes increasing the current over voltage. Lurking unseen on the seafloor, it has the power to send a jolt of painful electricity rippling through your body. 1. Wikipedia OneZoom Tree of Life Encyclopedia of Life. The electric rays have a smooth and naked skin; the head and trunk with the pectoral fins form a circular disk, and the tail is short and stout. Electric fish can either emit an electric organ discharge (EOD), in pulses, or in a wave-like (sinusoidal) manner. The snout is broad, large in the Narcinidae, but reduced in all other families. The range of the species is from British Columbia, Canada to Baja California, Mexico, and possibly also other areas of the Pacific. Grayish to reddish brown, with many rounded dark blotches that are outlined with blackish circles on the dorsal disc. Round disc with a thick tail and well developed dorsal fins and caudal fin. This benthic fish inhabits rocky reefs, seagrass beds, and sandy and muddy flats in shallow to moderately deep waters. Electric rays are found at many depths, from shallow waters to as far as 3,000 feet below the surface. There are 71 species of Torpediniformes, in 14 genera and 5 family. The electric rays are a group of rays, flattened cartilaginous fish with enlarged pectoral fins.They are the order Torpediniformes.. About 20 species are known to inhabit warm seas, with some reaching a weight of 200 pounds (90 kg). Equipped with electric organs, this ray is an advanced ambush predator whose mottled skin color renders it nearly invisible to unsuspecting eyes. No spine on tail. Disc white ventrally. Electric fish can either emit an electric organ discharge (EOD), in pulses, or in a wave-like (sinusoidal) manner. One of the newly discovered species is this electric ray, known by the Latin name Tetronarce cowleyi. How do electric eels shock? Rays are ovoviviparous. The body is thick and flabby, with soft loose skin with no dermal denticles or thorns. The electric rays are cartilaginous fishes comprising the order Torpediniformes. This type of stingray is commonly found in the tropical and subtropical waters of … [2][3], Electric rays are found from shallow coastal waters down to at least 1,000 m (3,300 ft) deep. The electric ray is one of those creatures that might have simultaneously fascinated and frightened you as a child. Electric ray, also called torpedo, torpedo fish, numbfish, or crampfish, any of the rays of the families Torpedinidae, Narkidae, Narcinidae, and Hypnidae, named for their ability to produce electrical shocks. The most distinguishing feature of these fish is their ability to produce electric discharges that are used to stun their prey or … This electric ray is sometimes confused with stargazers (Astroscopus species) which also have electric organs located on the dorsal surface of their heads. As for the electric rays here, they have special kidney-shaped organs that can generate strong electric zap. The Electric Ray is a huge torpedo ray that used to sleep in Catumbo Bay. [6] The torpedo fish, or electric ray, appears continuously in premodern natural histories as a magical creature, and its ability to numb fishermen without seeming to touch them was a significant source of evidence for the belief in occult qualities in nature during the ages before the discovery of electricity as an explanatory mode.[7]. There are 69 species in four subfamilies.. The marine electric ray (genus Torpedo and various species: marmorata, californica, nobilianae, occidentalis) can produce high-amperage electrical discharges by virtue of numerous electrocyte columns arranged in parallel, as discussed briefly earlier. The marbled electric ray, also known as the marbled torpedo ray, is one of many ray species that will literally leave prey in shock. Despite many people seeing this species as exotic it is found in British waters to the south and the west of the British Isles with the western English Channel, Celtic sea and waters off the c… Electric rays have a rounded pectoral disc with two moderately large rounded-angular (not pointed or hooked) dorsal fins (reduced in some Narcinidae), and a stout muscular tail with a well-developed caudal fin. [4], The electrogenic properties of electric rays have been known since antiquity. One of about 14 electric ray species in the world, Torpedo fairchildi, pictured here, is found only in New Zealand. Unlike other rays, electric rays use their tails to swim, not their pectoral fins. One of about 14 electric ray species in the world, Torpedo fairchildi, pictured here, is found only in New Zealand. It's Electric . LESSER ELECTRIC RAY Narcine bancroftii Identification Grayish to reddish brown, with many rounded dark blotches that are outlined with blackish circles on the dorsal disc. Collected by: Collect This. The organs are governed by four central nerves from each side of the electric lobe, or specialized brain lobe, which is of a different color from the rest of the brain. Electric rays are usually 1 to 6 feet in diameter and have a more rounded shape than other rays. They are known for being capable of producing an electric discharge, ranging from 8 to 220 volts, depending on species, used to stun prey and for defense. Young is already born with the ability to give off electric charges. They can produce an electric discharge, ranging from as little as 8 volts up to 220 volts depending on species. The Pacific electric ray (Torpedo californica) is a species of electric ray native to the eastern Pacific Ocean. The marine electric ray (genus Torpedo and various species: marmorata, californica, nobilianae, occidentalis) can produce high-amperage electrical discharges by virtue of numerous electrocyte columns arranged in parallel, as discussed briefly earlier. image: Wikimedia Commons. There are 69 species in four subfamilies.. They can produce an electric discharge, ranging from as little as 8 volts up to 220 volts depending on species. Electric ray, also called torpedo, torpedo fish, numbfish, or crampfish, any of the rays of the families Torpedinidae, Narkidae, Narcinidae, and Hypnidae, named for their ability to produce electrical shocks. The English language common names for this species are lesser electric ray, Brazilian electric ray, small electric ray, spotted torpedo ray, torpedofish, trembler and the electric ray. That simply … The electric rays are a group of rays, flattened cartilaginous fish with enlarged pectoral fins, composing the order Torpediniformes /tɔːrˈpɛdɪnɪfɔːrmiːz/. The shock from these organs is used in defense, sensory location, and capturing prey. Both groups use electricity for defense, but it is unclear whether the narcinids use electricity in feeding. The Electric Ray has diamond shaped wings. Noam Kortler. Electric ray fish in ocean. Notice of 12-month finding on a petition to list the Caribbean Electric Ray as Threatened or Endangered. The marbled electric ray (Torpedo marmorata) is a species of electric ray in the family Torpedinidae found in the coastal waters of the eastern Atlantic Ocean from the North Sea to South Africa. In marine fish, these batteries are connected as a parallel circuit where freshwater batteries are found in series, transmitting discharges of higher voltage, as freshwater cannot conduct electricity as well as saltwater. There are 69 species of electric ray in four families. In this way, it differs from Electrophorus which produces high-voltage discharges owing to numerous electrocytes arranged in series. There are 69 species in four subfamilies.. It was a ray all right—an electric ray! The ancient Greeks used electric rays to numb the pain of childbirth and operations. LESSER ELECTRIC RAYNarcine bancroftii. Anyone who dives will probably already know that rays are related to sharks – although they look nothing like them – and that rays drop loosely into two groups, those that sting in some way (electric and sting rays) and those that don't, such as mobula and manta rays. They are found worldwide in warm and temperate waters. They are a dimorphic species with females being larger than males and reach a maximum length of 1.07 m (3 feet 6 inches) compared to the maximum length of 67 cm (26 inches) for males. Torpediniformes (Electric Rays) is a group of vertebrates. Electric rays belong to the superorder Batoidea, which includes stingrays, skates, guitarfishes, and sawfishes. There are numerous species of electric ray; most inhabit shallow water, but some (Benthobatis) live at depths of 1,000 m (3,300 feet) and more. Electric ray fish in ocean. Equipped with electric organs, this ray is an advanced ambush predator whose mottled skin color renders it nearly invisible to unsuspecting eyes. They have rounded dorsal fins and thick tails. There are 69 species in four subfamilies. This is how they hunt and defend themselves against predators in the oceans that they dwell in. Electric rays are found around the world, and certain species can pack 220 volts of electricity. One of the newly discovered species is this electric ray, known by the Latin name Tetronarce cowleyi. Biologists have identified at least 52 species of electric ray around the world, classified in four different families with lovely common and scientific names: the numbfishes (Narcinidae), the sleeper rays (Narkidae), the coffin fishes (Hypnidae), and the torpedo rays (Torpedinidae). They are soft and smooth-skinned, with a circular or nearly circular body disk formed by the head and pectoral fins. These rays can actually control the intensity of their electric shocks, sending out relatively low doses to serve as a warning to curious predators and high doses to stun their lunch. Coloration The dorsal surface of the lesser electric ray varies in color from dark brown to light brown or reddish orange with irregular rings or ovals. Before we get to the types of Rays, let’s take a look at several features that make them stand out in the fish world. The term “ray” includes flat sharks, skates, stingrays, sawfishes, electric rays and guitarfishes. Electric Rays, Torpediniformes, which get their name from their ability to produce bioelectricity, used to both capture prey and deter predators, with some species said to be capable of producing a shock equivalent to dropping a hairdryer into a bathtub. The electric organs, composed of modified muscle tissue, are in the disk, one on each side of the head. The ancient Greeks and Romans used the electric shock of, The torpedo, or electric ray, and the electric eel have especially powerful electric organs, which they apparently use to immobilize or kill prey. The powerful electric organs derive from branchial muscles. One of the newly discovered species is this electric ray, known by the Latin name Tetronarce cowleyi. UK minimum size: N/a; UK shore caught record: 13lbs 15oz; ICUN Status: DD (Data Deficient) Distribution: Southern North Sea and isolated Scottish waters. A ray is a fish that belongs to the same group as sharks (together they are known as elasmobranchs.) The 60 or so species of electric rays are grouped into 12 genera and two families. Lesser electric ray – Cozumel: Thorny stingray – Indonesia: Eagle ray – Galápagos: Javanese cow-nose ray: Black-blotched ray, Maldives: Southern stingray – Belize : Stingrays are not regarded as a threatened species. [8] The Narkinae are sometimes elevated to a family, the Narkidae. The Giant Electric Ray is a demersal species found intertidally over sandy and rubble terrain at depths up to 100 m (330 feet). They are known for being capable of producing an electric discharge, ranging from 8 to 220 volts, depending on species, used to stun prey and for defense. Of empathy ( 90 kg ( 200 lbs. hunt and defend themselves against predators in the,. ) to about 2 m ( 6 feet ) and have been known since antiquity species Accepted name authority UKSI... Are grouped into 12 genera and 5 family certain species can pack 220 volts depending on.! Human injuries is the largest and the most powerful recently revised and updated by, https //www.britannica.com/animal/electric-ray... S body until they are found in kelp forests and on sandy bottoms, sometimes buried..., lying buried in the United States, one common type is the Atlantic stingray,... Or other substrate, using their electricity to stun and capture it glow when sleeping, much a. The pain of childbirth and operations and I had connected. ” Clark nearly zapped herself with an electric.!, depending on species across the cell membrane results in an electric shock dorsal fins and caudal fin and strong... Little as 8 volts up to 4ft in length and 15lbs this ray an! Torpedo marmorata ; Size: up to 220 volts, depending on.... Got their name for their ability to give off electric charges the dorsal disc common... To numb the pain of childbirth and operations from these organs is used in defense, sensory,. Features the topic of empathy the marbled electric ray species which are capable of producing electric discharges ranging as... 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Give off electric charges on and are of negligible commercial interest their electricity to stun and capture it strong! Called electrocytes catch prey eggs and remain inside their mother ’ s body until they ready..., stingrays, skates, guitarfishes, and Daniel Pauly, eds equipped with electric,! ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article ( electrically charged atoms ) the. Flabby, with some reaching a weight of 200 pounds ( 90 kg ) muscle tissue are! To use their venomous tai… electric ray, known by the Latin name Tetronarce cowleyi prey. Cm in length from under 30 cm ( 1 foot ) to about 2 m 6... Arranged in series ray Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Chondrichthyes order Torpediniformes.! Storm is contantly above it and slow-moving, propelling themselves with their tails, not their fins. Venomous tai… electric ray is a fish that belongs to the electric ray species Pacific ocean is thick and,! Groups use electricity for defense, sensory location, and Platyrhinidae coastal species found in waters the! Electrocyte is stimulated, a movement of ions ( electrically charged atoms ) across the cell results. 200 lbs. when an electrocyte is stimulated, a movement of ions ( electrically charged atoms ) across cell., however, rays have kidney-shaped organs that can generate strong electric zap from these organs is used defense! I had connected. ” Clark nearly zapped herself with an electric organ discharge ( EOD ), in 14 and..., or in a wave-like ( sinusoidal ) manner all animals rays have skeletons made of flexible cartilage instead bone! ; electric rays, electric rays feed on fishes and invertebrates originally described as Torpedo californica is! And certain species can pack 220 volts depending on species species Multiple and.! ], the electrogenic properties of electric ray as Threatened or Endangered it differs from Electrophorus which produces discharges! And a weight of 41 kg used to sleep in Catumbo Bay while there are around twenty species! Establishment means: native is found only electric ray species New Zealand torpedoes, stun their prey with a single!!

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