2. Deaths peaked in 1997 from this issue. ‘communism’ refers to the stateless society of the future which was supposedly to be the ultimate stage of social development. You’re either giving the instructions, setting the policy, or implementing what you’re told to do. 1. Ownership in communism includes the means of production. They might decide to trade vodka for soft drinks, for example, or offer a direct cash payment for specific items they would import. ... Parker, Fournier, & Reedy (2007) defined communism as a society where the community jointly owns all the property and means of production instead of the individual, with the goal of abolishing states and social classes (p. 54). The people at the highest levels of government are the ones who control the resources, which means they can decide in an instant if someone is âworthyâ or not of receiving something. 6. You are only free to pursue your interests if they contribute to the welfare of the whole. Each household is always at the mercy of the government and its potentially ever-changing views on what they deem to be acceptable behavior. There are no minorities in this structure because everyone is given equal treatment. There is no freedom of speech in the typical communist government. Communism looks at each person as a resource, provides them a common set of basic essentials, and then expects compliance under the threat of further freedom restrictions. Properties of Communism. We end up with problems such as: A single official might be in control of setting an agenda, measuring the performance of a society, or cracking down on actions that are deemed to be political dissent. Communist ideology supports widespread universal social welfare. A communism society resembles a gigantic telecom company with everyone positioning for more powerful or interesting roles in a single sprawling organization that has become inefficient under its own weight. Yes, Capitalism is better. Indoctrination, education, and propaganda work together to change the perspectives of the general population. Lower socioeconomic groups would go to “war” with the elites in society over income, property, and wealth. Once you earn your capped salary level from your employment, the remainder goes to the government for redistribution unless specific exemptions are authorized. The only problem is that there are no protections in place when someone in the higher levels of government decides to take a selfish action. 5. Marx said that censorship is a tool that the powerful always use to oppress the powerless. The Soviet Union enforced this structure so thoroughly that they even enacted “jean crimes” because people wanted denim clothing instead of what the government provided everyone. They don't realize that capitalism's flaws are endemic to the system, regardless of the phase it is in. That reduces the impact of social classes and money, but it also limits individual freedom and decision-making opportunities. Not only does communism control the means of production in society, but it also places strict regulations on businesses that operate in the market so that there is a lack of class structure within the population. 1086 Words 5 Pages. Offering education to everyone sounds like an advantage under Communism, but it creates results in reverse. Advantages: Theoretically, there are many benefits that can be achieved through a communist society. There is a level of equality that communism brings. 1. Although there are some potential benefits to look at from an outside perspective, the reality of this governing type is that it hurts more people than it ever tries to help. People are asked to get by on the bare minimum â and even that is not enough sometimes. There is never a need to have entrepreneurs operating in a communist space because the government maintains control of everything. Communism : Communism And Communism 1674 Words | 7 Pages. It provides additional educational opportunities to the general public. The Advantages of … Thatâs why this advantage exists. The goal of Communism, and socialism to some extent, is to increase the well being of the entire community. Communism is an amoral awful practice that corrodes societies and goes against human nature. The key difference between Capitalism and Communism lies in the fact that capitalism refers to the private individuals who own and control the industries while communism means the community controls the trade and industry of a country.. Socialism permits individuals to pursue whatever ventures they wish after their work for the community is finished because the group self-governs themselves without a secondary central authority in the mix. Most communist governments in history have given everyone the same wage no matter what occupation they have. This advantage only exists in the idealized version of communism. The reason it's a bad idea is because people can only work together in the long given some kind if incentive to do so. There's a lot of confusion surrounding the terms Communism and Socialism. While there are some advantages to communism, there are also many problems related to this political concept. Communism is a socioeconomic system in which all the resources and the means of production are owned by a society that is not divided into classes. Every citizen works effectively to achieve success in their respecti… As part of the socialism spectrum, it is arguably the most invasive and dangerous form of government still in use today. Communism vs. Socialism Lesson for Kids ... Key characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of these economies will be covered. Advantages of Communism Despite its good intentions, however, there are downsides to a communist society. That was the only way it was possible to diversify the products which were available in the overall economy. The goal is to give people what they need according to who they are as individuals. 5. Each person has an equal part in the production process, so there are reduced issues with hierarchy and classism in every industry. It creates a stronger social community. Cuba might be a small island, but it has a significant area of cultural diversity that is unique to the rest of the world. b. Communism has never been accepted by any society willingly it has always come through bloody war and destruction. The biggest disadvantage of socialism is that it relies on the cooperative nature of humans to work. 7. There are no mechanisms within that kind of government to create change from the inside. Communism is an economic ideology that advocates for a classless society in which all property and wealth are communally-owned, instead of by individuals. Advantages a. Communism takes a step backward on industrial evolution. Each person plays a contributing role to the success of the country. Yet, while society is still in socioeconomic transition, the Party’s interest takes precedence when the two “are at variance”. This might give the government ways to respond quickly during emergency situations, but it also puts the population at the mercy of the whims of the State. The design of Communism works toward the full inclusion of every family structure. 4. It can create industrial power with a single request from those in charge, executing massive projects that would take other economies years to plan. In contrast to capitalism, communism is a political system in which all production is communally-owned and private property is almost non-existent. Central planning and state control of all property requires a large bureaucracy. Communism might suggest that everyone benefits from its structure, but it is the opposite which occurs most often. You donât get advantageous because your household has more than the one next to you. Show More. Without nutrition, there is no society that can exist. 3. The needs of the consumer are not taken into consideration in a communist government. Benefits of Communism. The term communism comes from the Latin word “communis” that means “common” or “shared.” Communism is an economic and political doctrine that aims to replace capitalism. The first name as well as surname of an author is given on his or her first mention in the notes to each chapter. However, socialism, when combined with capitalism, provides a good trade-off. In the first half of the 19th century, early socialist thinkers like Henri de Saint-Simon, Robert Owen and Charles Fourier presented their own models for reorganizing society al… If governments own the means of manufacture and set prices, it perpetually leads to a powerful state and creates a large administration which may extend into other areas of life. Under Communist rule, forced disappearance implies either murder or long-term forced labor with plausible deniability. Even modern communism must rely on the concepts of a mixed economy so that it can survive, so the state chooses to own components of supply while encouraging free-market demand. The Bolsheviks in Russia were few in number (around 20,000) and only came to power because of the illegitimacy of the Tzar. Socialism is not the problem many people think it is, especially on the conservative side of the aisle. Now one set of workers can sell items to another set, like farmers selling their crops to a hotel. Those kinds of ideals do not exist in the real word and a communist society will crumble on its own like the Soviet Union. Many of the leaders are in charge for life, even though they might not hold a title from monarchy. In about eight and a half minutes, the benefits of communism will seem apparent to you. Communism includes a variety of … When the state remains in control of all value, then the people have very little say in what happens to their life. As an ideology, it encompasses social, political and economic attributes which aims to create a society of equality devoid of social classes, money and state. Bureaucratic Elite. There is no society if food resources are scarce. The profit earned in capitalism is of the owners of the company whereas the profit earned in communism is distributed to … This process allows the government to bring in currency that it can use on the global stage to reinforce its own importance domestically. The government can change the rules at any time to help themselves. Every day you benefit from communistic and socialistic ideas and concepts. Everyperson, in essense, fills a billet that is designed for the good of the whole. 13. This process gave people practical skills which could be used to improve their overall quality of life – though granted, that improvement came at the discretion of the government. This disadvantage destroys the trust that is found in the pure vision of communism. During a bout with famine in North Korea in the 1990s, an estimated 3 million deaths occurred because of the economic shortfalls and lack of resources. Capitalism vs Communism. Communism - Communism - Marxian communism: Karl Marx was born in the German Rhineland to middle-class parents of Jewish descent who had abandoned their religion in an attempt to assimilate into an anti-Semitic society. It took over 50 years for the Cuban government to recognize that different people had unique needs. There are no social classes in this state except for government workers and non-government contributors. Families push their children toward specific careers which may not have those exemptions to help them live a better life than they are because of this structure. Basically, when governments attempt to control the economy. North Korea, Cuba, and Laos are struggling in particular because the first emphasis is to maintain the structure of the government. Diverse populations may be challenging to govern with their need for different rules. The needs of the government are indistinguishable from the best interests of society in a communist system, which means the idea of individual freedoms is incompatible with the ideology being practiced. Communism, political and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control of at least the major means of production (e.g., mines, mills, and factories) and the natural resources of a society. These are a list of the most significant advantages and disadvantages which come from this form of government. Both again are two extreme points of view, which have their advantages and disadvantages. It reduces the impact of socioeconomic differences in society. Most of the jobs in a communist country are tied to agriculture in one way or another because there is a significant need to provide basic food needs to each person. Even with the noted improvements to the Cuban economy in recent years, there were still 3,700 reports of arbitrary political detentions in the island nation in 2017. A healthy communistic system results in a cooperative society. Internal balances for supply and demand may be impossible to achieve. Communism is a form of government that falls on the socialism spectrum, but this specific approach is very different than the community-based systems that look at group governing. The main difference is that under communism, most property and economic resources are owned and controlled by the state (rather than individual citizens); under socialism, all citizens share equally in economic resources as allocated by a democratically-elected … All members of the economy share both work and benefits. When people focus on social cohesion through their work and role in society, they theoretically work toward a stronger nation. Efficiency and productivity are difficult since there is little motive for workers. So, the polarity between two ideologies is ‘Individualism vs Social welfare’. Communism makes no distinction between propaganda and education. In other words, there is common ownership. Everyone might have a job and do something that they’re great at, but it almost always involves this sector in some way. Benefits of Communism. This structure makes it easier for the leadership to transform the economic vision of the country to what the person in charge wants. Instead of emphasizing the differences that people have as a point of contention, it asks everyone to think of each person as an overall part of the whole. The Soviet Civil Code (much of which is still used today by governments in China, Cuba, and other Communist states) abolished civil liberties, protection of law, and the rule of law. When you live under an authentic communist government, then anyone who wants a job will have one. That places further pressure on the general population to listen to production mandates since the consequences for disobedience can be quite high. Recent examples include Cuba with Castro, Russia with Stalin, and China with Mao. Central planning is challenging to achieve in a communist government. If there was no money in society, it would create a sense of equality throughout each community. You cannot save currency outside of the regular consumption laws either. The government controls everything, i.e., it is a command economy.In a communist society, everybody is equal, there are no social classes, and salaries are more or less the same. A communist government treats all individuals equally regardless of financial stability or education. 1. This form of government falls within the spectrum of socialism structures. … Many workers grew increasingly poor even as factory owners and other industrialists accrued massive wealth. North Korea, China, Laos, Cuba, and Vietnam are transitioning from socialism and are not true forms of this government structure any more either. Everything belongs to all citizens equally. The supporters of democracy claim it to be a better form of government, while according to the supporters of communism, it is a better as opposed to democracy. He advocated for class war within a society which would eventually lead to all properties being state-owned instead of private ownership. Well, let’s take a close look at it. Employment opportunities abound in Communism structures. It is able to move so effectively toward large-scale results because this government structure has the power to override the self-interest of the individuals it supports. Opposition is not allowed unless the communist government authorizes it. Since the government controls every aspect of society, they can send out propaganda through all media channels with enough truth to make the stories believable. Theoretically, all rewards from a communist labour system are divided equally among the individuals in the society. It takes the common wealth of a country and divides it evenly across the board. It reduces levels of meaningful employment in society. If you recruit an average person off the street to fulfill a specific job, the results may be far from flattering. You are always at the mercy of what the governing officials decide to do with your property, your job, and your resource accessibility. This issue causes planners to lose the feedback they need to understand what is necessary for the production cycle and what could use an upgrade. 12. In addition to directly controlling the means of production, Communism places strict rules as to how businesses operate in such a way that a classless society is born. The result meant actions like profiteering could be viewed as a counter-revolutionary activity, which would result in a death penalty declaration. Marx took his theories from ideas posed in the 18th century by French writer and philosopher Victor d’Hupay. Forced disappearances occur when the state secretly imprisons or abducts someone, then refuses to acknowledge their whereabouts or fate. Communist governments restrict trade and commerce unless the needs of the State require additional resources. Even though the nation still follows a specific five-year economic point and its policies favor state-owned enterprises, it has grown to become the largest economy in the world. Until recently, the Cuban government and its officers were primarily white, even though the Afro-Cuban movement on the island was strong. Supply and demand tend to focus on the export market only. Countries that have adopted a more socialistic system have their own problems. There are strict rules in place that govern the structure of a classless society. When the Communists took over the government in China in 1949, their first task was to teach people who were illiterate how to read and write. Advantages Of Communism. Communism And Communism Essay 834 Words | 4 Pages. Communism certainly hasn't. Then individuals have basic necessities and housing supplied to them in exchange for their contributions to the greater good. The top priority for a Communist government when it comes to power is to offer educational opportunities to the general public. While socialism is certainly a good theory, it’s real life applications have proved some very real issues with the Utopian society. Although communism offers a very tempting deal, it is not as it seems. Churchill’s quote on democracy springs to mind. You don’t get to stop working because you want to live an alternative lifestyle. That means the production cycles operate just well enough to produce what is needed for domestic consumption and the limited export market that may be available. ... Parker, Fournier, & Reedy (2007) defined communism as a society where the community jointly owns all the property and means of production instead of the individual, with the goal of abolishing states and social classes (p. 54). The idea of communism is that capitalist societies will eventually crumble because the weight of wealth on top of the poor will eventually cause the system to become top-heavy. As an ideology, it encompasses social, political and economic attributes which aims to create a society of equality devoid of social classes, money and state. When Communism is enforced by the government, everyone except the top tier of government officials is on the same footing. Life noted in 1972 that a single pair of jeans could sell on the black market in the Soviet Union for a full month’s salary for the average Soviet worker. Tens of thousands of people were involved in this surge of dissent, so the government pursued a combination of censorship, imprisonment, suppression, and “labor re-education” to stop the activities of activists or dissidents. It even reduces the influence of currency in society because contributions are based on the overall need of everyone. The pros and cons of Communism were first offered as a way to counter the negative impacts of democracy and free-market systems. Prezi Video + Unsplash: Access over two million images to tell your story through video Critics in the United States would point out that Americans are coming close to this outcome already. Sources cited are listed in the endnotes. Even Karl Marx, who is often vilified because of his ideas involving socialism, argued in favor for the people to have a right of expression. Wealth belongs to the government when following the teachings of Communism. “It has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried.” One could say the same for capitalism. There are still oligarchs and some government officials who get to enjoy the weight of wealth on their shoulders in a communist structure, but the average person gets to pursue what they want. Because everything belongs to the state in communism, there are specific wealth caps that you and your family must follow. Those that do not provide their share of effort and resources to the system are culled. Because there is no private ownership involved with communism, the public nature of all properties creates a higher risk of abuse. It is able to move so effectively toward large-scale results because this government structure has the power to override the self-interest of the individuals it supports. The goal is to have you help everyone else in exchange for not needing to worry about basic needs. The goal of this government structure was to counter the adverse impacts of capitalism and democracy over a long-term implementation period. In a communist society, the sense of cooperation allows for healthy communistic systems. They can instantly decide if actions or conduct of individuals should become illegal, then apply those changes retroactively if they so choose. There might be individual benefits that some people can find in specific situations, but it typically harms more people than it helps when looking at it from an independent perspective. That means there are no laws of supply and demand available to set the prices for consumers to pay. Although the government can mobilize significant resources for almost any need at a momentâs notice through the structures of communism, there is a difference between the ability to centrally plan and its overall implementation. Communism supports the emancipation of women and the ending of their exploitation. 11. 5. This disadvantage can cause high levels of emotional unrest for a variety of reasons. Individual rights are not a top priority under Communist rule. political ideologies. The main goal of this is to bring equality to the people, help manage the uneven distribution of wealth, and take away the class divide. 3. There is no way to change the behaviors of the ruling group from within. Communism (from Latin communis, 'common, universal') is a philosophical, social, political and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of a communist society, namely a socioeconomic order structured upon the ideas of common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.. Everyone works within the industry at which they are needed, creating efficiency levels which are higher because the differences are smaller. In theory communism is fair and just. When one party begins an economic transformation process, the other party typically stops the forward momentum when they come into power. There is no up-to-date information about what the needs of the consumers happen to be either. Then the government cracked down on anyone who used the terms âfamineâ or âhungerâ because it would indicate a failure on the part of the government to negate the issue. If you do not receive authority to offer opposition, engage in innovation, or pursue entrepreneurism, then there is a good chance that you have violated the law (or will be found in violation in the future). Some might argue that this concept, taking from socialism, offers more equality than what a free-market system dictates. The idea of community ownership, working to the mutual benefit of others, and having group control over the outcomes that are possible in life can outperform the results which are available through capitalism. Communism, on the other hand, is a branch of socialism. Most employment opportunities are in the agricultural sector. Everything from textbooks to newspaper articles is carefully directed, managed, and monitored to produce results. Russia gave communism a … Communism is an ideological and a social political movement.Its aim is to set up a communist society. Marx understands that Modernism calls for society to embrace equality for the betterment of society. It creates stronger social communities. It ignores those within society who are competitive and focus on personal gain. November 14, 2009, bobei, 22 Comments. The advantages and disadvantages of communism also show that it can be one of the most dangerous forms of governing because it requires such an invasive implementation process. Advantages and Disadvantages of Communism To do 3 min read The term “communism” was derived from the Latin word meaning “universal” or “common”. 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